Prince Edward Island is one of the three Maritime provinces in Canada, including the main island and 231 other smaller islands, out of which many are unpopulated. This beautiful province is spread across 5,660 km2, with a population as little as 150,000. Thus, Prince Edward Island is not just the smallest province but also the least populated province in the country.

Located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the main island is 600 km east of Quebec and 200 km north of Halifax, Nova Scotia. The maximum portion of the island is covered by beaches, hills, and woods. Moreover, there are only two major urban areas on the island; these are the capital city of the province, Charlottetown (including the outskirts), and the harbour of Summer side. 

The province has a subarctic maritime climate, with mild winters and warm, damp summers. Furthermore, winter storms and snowstorms are quite common in the province. At the same time, there is a lot of rainfall during summer, spring, and fall, increasing the scope of agricultural opportunities in the region.

Living Expenses on Prince Edward Island

Cost of living in Prince Edward Island

The province of Prince Edward Island certainly offers a peaceful and comfortable life for the residents at low costs of living and housing. The average household income in the province is below the national average at $41,500; however, newcomers may want to consider Prince Edward Island to raise a family, as housing expenses in the province are as little as $150,000.


The agriculture sector drives the economy of the province, and it supplies the maximum of potato crops across the country. The tourism industry also supports the province, as this beautiful destination is quite popular among travelers. However, the island has a very small population, the majority of agricultural activities, and a bit of fishery. 

For immigrants, Prince Edward Island generates numerous employment opportunities in agriculture, fishery, tourism, and leisure. 

Demographics of Prince Edward Island

Demographics of Prince Edward Island

The maximum population in the province belongs of British descent (including Irish, Scottish, and English), and a few people are of French Acadian descent. Nearly 38% of the population are Scottish descendants, followed by 30% of English and Irish descendants. Thus, it is quite easy to predict that English is the province’s official language.

Furthermore, over 50% of the local population follows the Protestant and Catholic faith. The capital city, Charlottetown, has a population of more than 65,000 people and has a harbor that creates numerous job opportunities in the region.

Education Opportunities

The education system of the province boasts a few tertiary institutions other than the public primary and secondary school system. The province has a university, a Bible college, and a community college, providing quality education in the field. 


Attractions in Prince Edward Island

The province boasts a few attractions, with water sports being the most famous, including a small sport-fishing fleet featuring deep-sea fishing. There are some local events, such as the annual Arts festival in the capital city and the annual Jazz festival sporting local musicians. The province is a very welcoming and diverse place, with a striking local appeal.

Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program

The Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP) enables the province to target prospective immigrants with relevant skills and experience for permanent residency in the province. Prospective candidates can apply under the below two immigration categories:

  • Labour Impact Category
  • Business Impact Category