If you have permanent resident status in Canada and wish for your parents and grandparents to immigrate to Canada, you can sponsor them through the Parent and Grandparent program. Through this program, introduced by the Canadian government, those who wish to sponsor and are permanent residents of Canada, or have Canadian citizenship, can sponsor their parents, grandparents, spouse, children and other dependents to emigrate to Canada and gain permanent residency.
The Parent and Grandparent Program is by the Immigrants, Refugees, Citizenship Canada which helps those who wish to move to Canada as immigrants, protect refugees entering Canada, and have various programs to help newcomers settle in Canada. They also have introduced the Express Entry Program and various Provincial Nominee Programs to help those immigrating to Canada gain Canadian permanent residence.
The process begins with you submitting an Interest to the Sponsor. Then you can submit a complete application to the program if you are invited to. The processing time is predicted to be around 20 to 24 months. You can thus sponsor your parents or grandparents to gain Canadian permanent residency.
Am I eligible to sponsor my Parent and Grandparent?
You can become a sponsor to help your parents and grandparents gain Canadian residency if you qualify the following criteria.
- You should be at least 18 years old and live in Canada.
- You must have Canadian citizenship or be a permanent resident of Canada. You can also be registered in Canada.
- You must be financially sound to support you and your family members. You must provide proof of funds.
- You must promise to an undertaking. Under this, you will commit to financially support your sponsored family member for a period of 20 years from when they become permanent residents.
- Under the Sponsorship Agreement, you will commit to providing the basic requirements of your sponsored family member and they will make efforts in order to support themselves. You will still sign the undertaking and sponsorship agreement as a part of your application process.
- If you live in Canada in the province of Quebec and wish to sponsor, it is essential for you to fulfil Quebec’s Immigration Sponsorship requirements. The ministry of Quebec which is in charge of Immigration will assess your financial situation and income. You will also have to comply to sign the undertaking with the Quebec province.
You will not be eligible to sponsor someone to become a Canadian citizen if the following are true for you.
- If you’re younger than 18 years
- If you will not be a Canadian resident when your sponsored family members become Canadian permanent residents.
- You cannot sponsor if you are not a citizen or permanent resident or do not have a permanent resident card.
- If you are a temporary resident, have a study visa or a work permit, if you are in Canada on the basis of a temporary permit and your permanent resident application is in process.
- If you are not financially capable to support the person you want to sponsor.
- If you are in jail or any other correctional institution or if you are not a lawful permanent resident.
- If you have been unable to pay back an immigrant loan, or alimony or child support.
- If you do not give the financial aid you promised to the person you sponsored in the past.
- If you declared bankruptcy.
- You cannot be a sponsor if you receive social assistance from the government of Canada other than for a disability.
- If you have been convicted of a violent crime, offence towards a relative or any sexual offence while living in Canada or outside.
- You cannot sponsor if you are legally required to leave the country due to a removal order.